Salmonella

Image of salmonella.

Salmonella is a bacterium that can cause disease in humans, dogs, cats, and other animals. It can cause a variety of symptoms, commonly vomiting and/or diarrhea, but also severe infections and septicemia. It can also cause abscesses, meningitis, bone infections, and abortion.

Salmonella is found worldwide and is commonly associated with contaminated food, reptiles, and birds. Epidemics of salmonellosis in migrating songbirds in the spring can create disease in bird-hunting cats. Most, if not all, reptiles carry Salmonella in their intestines, and occasionally shed it in their feces. The bacteria usually do not cause disease in reptiles, but a growing number of Salmonella infections each year in people can be traced to pet reptiles. It is virtually impossible to eliminate Salmonella from pet reptiles.

Rarely, contamination of commercial dog food or treats with Salmonella has occurred. More common, a popular fad diet of feeding raw food for dogs and cats has caused illness in pets and the people in the household. A study showed that families that fed raw food to their pets had a much higher incidence of salmonellosis in the people.

Contaminated human food can also be a source of Salmonella, especially raw eggs, chicken, and undercooked meat. Even lettuce, fruits and vegetables have been incriminated. Food can become contaminated if someone infected with Saclmonella handles it without washing his or her hands.

Treatment of salmonellosis in the milder cases may just involve oral antibiotics. More severe cases will need hospitalization with intravenous fluids and antibiotics. Recovering patients may shed the bacteria in the stool for six weeks or longer.

Location

Veterinary Emergency Service in Lakewood, New Jersey!

Office Hours

Our Regular Schedule

Lakewood Office

Monday:

6:00 pm-8:00 am

Tuesday:

6:00 pm-8:00 am

Wednesday:

6:00 pm-8:00 am

Thursday:

6:00 pm-8:00 am

Friday:

6:00 pm-8:00 am

Saturday:

24 hours

Sunday:

24 hours

Weekends and Holidays: 24 hours

  • "We were very pleased with Dr Cromal and pleasantly surprised."
    - Joe B.
  • "Everyone in my community knows that they are the absolute best in the field. They would never suggest that I buy something that wasn't necessary, and never pressured me. They were always very considerate and professional. They're almost always able to answer my questions over the phone. It's so nice not having to drive down there for an appointment every time I want an answer to my question. Their primary concern is my safety and comfort, and they always take the time to address every concern of mine immediately. Their staff was so warm and welcoming, and made me and my pet feel right at home."
    - June Wood